Intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) means too low birth weight and / or length (< - 2 SD) in relation to sex and gestational age. Patients in this group should be subject to special endocrinological care. 13% of children born with hypotrophy do not "catch up" the normal height, i.e. they do not reach a body height greater than -2 SDS (3 percentile) in the period from 2 to 4 years after birth. Intrauterine hypotrophy may be associated with increased prevalence of obesity, lipid and carbohydrate disorders, including type 2 diabetes, hypertension and other cardiovascular diseases. Premature adrenarche may also be more common. In this group of patients, hypospadias, subclinical hypothyroidism were also reported.
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